Russia-OPEC Agree on Framework to Extend Oil Cuts

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Summary:

According to people involved in the Russia-OPEC conversation, we can achieve following information about the process of discussing oil cuts extension. First, Moscow had been hesitating over the need for an extension because the current deal doesn’t expire until the end of March. But after the conversation, Russia’s attitude towards extending oil cuts now turns positive. Apparently, OPEC has agreed to adjust strategy of the new deal to accommodate Russian demand. Second, although Russia and OPEC have reached a drafted outline to extend oil production cuts, they still need to determine crucial details to finally reach the deal and to meet the goal of rebalancing oil market. Third, now OPEC and non-OPEC countries are discussing several options that can accommodate Russian demand, including 1) linking the size of curbs to the supply-demand balance on the global oil market, or to the level of fuel inventories in industrialized countries 2) making it clear that allowing the deal to be reviewed again early next year and allowing the possibility of renegotiating the deal. Details will be discussed on Nov.30 meeting.

 

Russia-OPEC Agree on Framework to Extend Oil Cuts

OPEC and Russia have crafted the outline of a deal to extend their oil production cuts to the end of next year, although both sides are still hammering out crucial details, according to people involved in the conversations.

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and several non-OPEC nations led by Russia will meet next week in Vienna to discuss prolonging their output curbs. Moscow had been hesitating over the need for an extension now because the current deal doesn’t expire until the end of March.

After days of talks, Moscow and Riyadh now agree they should announce an additional period of cuts at the Nov. 30 meeting, the people said, asking not to be named because the conversations are private. Russia wants the extension deal to include new language that would link the size of the curbs to the health of the oil market, they said.

“The goal to re-balance the market hasn’t been met in full yet, so everyone is in favor of extensions to reach final goals, Russia also supports these proposals,” Energy Minister Alexander Novak said in an interview with RBC television on Friday. “Different options are considered now, we will discuss details at the Nov. 30 meeting.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin talked on the phone with Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz on Nov. 21, during which they “emphasized importance of further coordination between Russia and Saudi Arabia in the global hydrocarbon markets,” according to a Kremlin statement.

The deal isn’t finalized as Russia and Saudi Arabia haven’t yet agreed on the new language, the people said. Oil ministers are due to start arriving in Vienna for the talks early next week.

West Texas Intermediate crude, the U.S. benchmark, extended gains to the highest level since July 2015. Futures for January delivery rose as much as 1.6 percent to $58.92 a barrel in New York.

OPEC and non-OPEC countries are discussing several formulas to accommodate the Russian demands, including linking the cuts to the supply-demand balance on the global oil market, or the level of fuel inventories in industrialized countries, the people said. Another option is making a clear reference to the fact that the deal could be reviewed again early next year, including the possibility of calling another meeting.

Whatever OPEC and Russia agree, the countries will have an opportunity to review their deal again in mid-2018, as OPEC will probably hold a regular ministerial gathering then. OPEC is organizing its international seminar in Vienna on June 20 to 21. That conference assembles a who’s who of the oil world and traditionally coincides with a ministerial meeting.

Source: Bloomberg, Javier Blas, Wael Mahdi, Elena Mazneva,  November 24, 2017. Photo: REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin