Program on Inclusive International Negotiation

Program on Inclusive International Negotiation

What is "Inclusive International Negotiation"

Inclusive international negotiation is a process of role-based dialogues engaged by four major stakeholders in the contemporary societal structure intended to reach agreement on tensions or disputes involved in transnational projects. These four major roles include a government, an enterprise, a local NGO, and an IGO. The goals of inclusive international negotiation are to create a platform and a set of procedures for different actors to be able to negotiate at the same table and seek to limit or minimize existing tensions or potential disputes. It aims at transforming global governance that goes beyond the status quo among sovereignty power and intergovernmental power, empowers non-state actors, including enterprises and civil societies, and creates opportunities for interactive conversations among them.


What is so special about it

A better global governance model needs to take on a more inclusive approach by involving all relevant sectors, in order to rebuild people’s trust in the merits of global governance by involving them in the decision-making process. Its key does not fall into the global level, but people’s participation at local level, as most transnational projects happen in local societies and have a considerable impact among local societies. To empower people’s participation, there are two dimensions. One is to design a mechanism through which all stakeholders’ concerns and interests can be amplified both locally and globally. The other one is to enhance people’s capability in decision-making in transnational affairs. The program on Inclusive International Negotiation serves not only as a research program but also an educational program.

What are we currently doing


First, the Program on Inclusive International Negotiation offers the reasons why most global challenges we are facing today require more inclusive dialogues and why it is critical that global governance is carried out at the local level. It provides examples of how inclusive international negotiation can be applied in most global governance themes, including international investment and trade, environmental governance, conflict resolution, etc. Second, it explains what inclusive international negotiation is and its working mechanism. It also tests the efficacy of the four roles-based dialogues as a procedural project aimed at better-coordinated solutions compared to the traditional international negotiations. Third, it elaborates how inclusive international negotiation works under the current international law framework and how it further develops the international law system as an implementation mechanism and a law-making method.


The Program helps students to learn how to use the corresponding knowledge and skills that are required in inclusive international negotiation and other mechanisms for better global governance solutions. It cultivates and expands the local talents for internationally shared facilities and business, and in so doing, facilitates local economic development and local investment. Most importantly, through this project, students can take what they have learned on to their future jobs, either in governments, enterprises, IGOs, or NGOs to upgrade the progress of people’s understating in global governance and narrow the contrived mistrust among different cultures, systems, and communities. It adopts the method of simulation as an educational tool and offers guidance on the various skills required to participate effectively in the inclusive international negotiations. We pride ourselves in having trained over 300 diplomats and students. 


The Program organizes competitions to test the efficiency of the inclusive international negotiation and helps students master the corresponding knowledge and skills. It also helps employers to find young talents with international negotiation skills and mindsets for a better world during the competitions. The first competition was organized in June 2018 among students from China and Australia. The second one took place in Shanghai in June 2019. The third one will be organized in the U.S. Students and young professionals who have participated in the competitions have joined the Talent Pool for employment opportunities.  

Check Out How We Are Testing This Model On The Belt And Road Initiative

The Belt and Road Initiative Simulation